Shropshire is one of the most rural counties in England and consists mainly of small rural towns with Telford being the largest town. It is the largest landlocked county with the River Severn running through it as one of England’s longest rivers.

Shropshire is a unique natural Over a quarter of the county is classed as areas of outstanding natural beauty. The Clee Hills, Stiperstones, Long Mynd and Wenlock Edge are examples of the natural rural beauty of south Shropshire.

Shropshire has a very diverse geology, containing many different rock types and minerals. The geology made the beginning of the industrial revolution possible with the constructions of the famous Ironbridge. The Ice Age carved out some of the fluctuating landscape of Shropshire which created the grove at Ironbridge. Volcanic larva created landmarks in the county such as the Wrekin.

In the Roman times the county capital was Wroxeter, which became one of their largest cities. During the Saxon time the county was ruled by King Offa, who built two dykes as defensive structures against the Welsh. The Norman invasion led to the construction of Shrewsbury by Roger de Montgomery. Castles were constructed in towns on the border of Shropshire to defend against the Welsh; the castles were constructed in a different manner and had different importance dependent upon the town. Ludlow castle was the largest and most important constructed and often had residency of the Royal family. After the pacification of Wales in 1284 manor houses were constructed with fortifications for the purpose of status to show who was the lord, a popular example of this is Stokesay Castle.

The A49 is the main road through the county from Herefordshire to Shrewsbury allowing easy access to all the areas. The construction of this road increased the movement of people and trade over the county.


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